Factors which affect the license fees a technology might attract include the type of technology, the research and development (R&D) investment to date, its stage of development, potential market size, expected profit margin, level of risk, strength of patent protection and projected cost of bringing a product to market, industry standards for similar technologies and the scope of the license (in respect of territories, fields of use and degree of exclusivity). The fact that technologies from an organisation like the CSIR are usually licensed at a relatively early stage, requiring substantial investment from the licensee to develop a product to a market-ready stage (and thus an appetite for risk), means that license fees are often not very high.
Technology transfer for social good
Technology transfer for social good aims to address societal needs by ensuring sustainability of the solutions delivered, ownership by the communities and use of existing and established infrastructure to deliver the solutions. The CSIR may not necessarily derive any financial returns in social good technology transfer, but recognises the significant impact of such activity.
When proceeds begin to accrue to the CSIR from technology transfer, inventors/key creators stand to share in these via CSIR’s benefit-sharing policy.
Patent incentive awards
Additional incentives are sometimes made available to inventors. For example, the Patent Incentive Scheme originally introduced by the Innovation Fund pays a cash award to inventors on qualifying patents. It is expected that NIPMO will introduce a new programme at some stage.