An R&D organisation like the CSIR thrives and survives on the basis of productive collaborations. Open Innovation is one mechanism for facilitating collaboration, by recognising that innovative capacity can be harnessed more effectively by bringing into the organisation ideas developed elsewhere, while at the same time sharing one’s own ideas with external partners. The Open Innovation paradigm does not replace conventional means of IP management and technology transfer and can operate in parallel with more proprietary approaches to R&D. This can be a useful mechanism when adopted as part of a deliberate and holistic technology development strategy.
Open source refers to computer software of which the source code is made available to the public to use, modify and improve the software under terms stipulated in a selected open source license agreement, and make such modifications and improvements available to others on the same terms. The CSIR utilises open source licenses for release of software as a mode of technology transfer as and when appropriate. Assistance from your R&D Outcomes Manager and Licensing & Ventures should be obtained in order to ensure that an appropriate license is selected.
Open access refers to unrestricted online access to academic articles and certain other materials. Authors can choose to publish in open access journals, of which the content is automatically freely accessible, or when publishing in subscription journals, to make their works available online via a public or institutional repository, like CSIR ResearchSpace.
Open content also involves making content available to others, but will typically grant others the right to modify the content (which is not usually the case with open access).
Conditions of use may be specified in a license like the Creative Commons license.